अग्निं दूतं वृणीमहे होतारं विश्ववेदसम्। अस्य यज्ञस्य सुक्रतुम्॥
agniṁ dūtaṁ vṛṇīmahe hotāraṁ viśvavedasam | asya yajñasya sukratum ||
avatar2
Kurma Avatara by Pierre Sonnerat, 1782
Note the chakra in both hands

The Parāśara Jyotiṣa Course for the academic year 2A envisages two very broad areas of study – Varga (Divisional Charts) and Varga Viveka. We will be primarily focusing on the ṣoḍaśavarga or the sixteen D-Charts of Parāśara. Before starting the Lessons pertaining to any of the major topics, always finish the associated lesson in Prārambha first. At the outset, we have three lessons on Concepts Revisited namely (1) Karma and Free Will (2) Exaltation and Debility and (3) Method of Three Kings, to get started. Thereafter the following Lessons must be completed before we really get into individual D-Charts.

  • Primary Divisions
  • Guru Vandanā
  • PJC Year-2 Start
  • Śloka 01: Varga Bheda
  • Śloka 02: Viśvarupa
  • Śloka 3-4: 16 Varga
  • Divisions of a Sign

We start with the beautiful mantra that free’s us from all bondages

ॐ नमो भगवते अकूपाराय
om namo bhagavate akūpārāya

The word अकूपार (akūpāra) means  unbounded (RV. v.39.2 and x. 109.1) like the sea which grants the freedom of movement in any direction without restriction. It refers to the tortoise avatara, the mythical tortoise that upholds the world.

  • Initiation - The initiation of the Himalaya Class of PJC-Year 2 starts with teaching of two mantras - one for learning vedic astrology and the other for worshipping the parama-guru Muni Parāśara. Recall the first śloka of BPHS –
    अथैकदा मुनिश्रेष्ठं त्रिकलज्ञं पराशरम्‌।
    पप्रच्छोपेत्य मैत्रेयः प्रणिपत्य कृताञ्जलिः॥ १॥
    athaikadā muniśreṣṭhaṁ trikalajñaṁ parāśaram |
    papracchopetya maitreyaḥ praṇipatya kṛtāñjaliḥ || 1||
    The first line holds the secret to the kṛta chandas (20 syllable) mantra for worshipping Parāśara.
  • Jyotisa Concepts - Before venturing into divisional charts we need to learn the terminology and concepts used by the sages of yore. The following varga concepts are included in these slide presentation.

    Rāśi Pada: This is derived from the hymn of the Ṛk Veda which informs us how Viṣṇu upholds dharma.
  • Karma and Freewill - [caption id="attachment_1390" align="alignright" width="224"] Sri Vishwakarma[/caption]

    After death a person carries with him the dharma (and the Karma), which can be divided into two broad parts called Saṅcita Karma and Prārabdha Karma. Saṅcita Karma is finished in various types of hells and suffering in the life after death whereas Prārabdha Karma has to be carried into another body and can be burnt only through experience. So, only the most elevated souls who have complete control over their Indriya (sense's) are not affected by these experiences in this life.
  • Exaltation and Debility - Definition






    VA
    West[1]

    VA


    Graha
    Exalt
    D
    D
    Fall
    D


    Sun
    Ar
    10
    20
    Li
    10


    Moon
    Ta
    3
    3
    Sc
    3


    Mars
    Cp
    28
    28
    Cn
    28


    Merc
    Vi
    15
    15
    Pi
    15


    Jup
    Cn
    5
    15
    Cp
    5


    Ven
    Pi
    27
    27
    Vi
    27


    Sat
    Li
    20
    21
    Ar
    20


    Rāhu
    Ge
    Ta
    3
    Sg
    Sc


    Ketu
    Sg
    Sc
    3
    Ge
    Ta



    In Vedic Astrology, exaltation is one of the six essential dignities of a planet (Babylonian astrology uses five essential dignities instead and calculates them differently).
  • Method of Three Kings - {tab=Intro}

    [caption id="attachment_1400" align="alignright" width="300"] We are not the only one's who visit temples to be forgiven of past karma.[/caption]

    Examination of Rāśi Chart
    What are the areas we need study in the kṣetra? These include primarily the nature, health and longevity of the native and then we can go into the various areas of his life from each of the houses and their lords.
  • Primary Divisions - We must not forget that it was the Hindus who discovered what is known as the precession of the Equinoxes, and in their calculation such an occurrence takes place every 25,827 years. Our modern science, after labors of hundreds of years has simply proved them to be correct. …Count Viscount Cheiro
    {tab=Time and Space}
    Time and Space
    Time and space are like endless rings without a beginning and without an end.
  • Guru Vandanā -

    Lord Śiva is the parameṣṭhi guru which means the ultimate guru and Vedavyāsa is the guru of all creatures on this planet. During the present duration of Kali Yuga, Kṛṣṇa Dvaipāyana the only son of Maharṣi Parāśara, is the vedavyāsa. Vedavyāsa is a title and not a name. This truth is valid even today and will be true for many yugas to come.
  • Nomenclature -
    Atha
    अथ षोडशवर्गाध्यायः॥
    atha ṣoḍaśavargādhyāyaḥ ||
    This is the chapter title. The word 'atha' is an auspicious and inceptive particle which has no English equivalent. It simply means 'now' as a reference to a sequence of teaching or time. It consists of two syllables
    अ (a) which refers to Vasudeva [refer to creation concepts where we learn that the entire universe is an expansion of Vasudeva and a half of Vasudeva is perceptible universe while the other half is imperceptible.
  • Śloka 01: Varga Bheda - [caption id="attachment_1490" align="alignright" width="217"] Just as the twelve jyotirliṅga (ज्योतिर्लिङ्ग) are twelve aṁśa (or varga) of śiva-jyoti (light of lord Shiva), so also the twelve signs represent the twelve aṁśa of the Sun god Sūrya.
  • Śloka 02: Viśvarupa - [caption id="attachment_1495" align="alignright" width="238"] Bāṅka Chūḍā veśa of Jagannātha Mahaprabhu[/caption]

    Śloka 2
    वर्गान् षोडश यानाह ब्रह्मा लोकपितामहः।
    तानहं सम्प्रवक्ष्यामि मैत्रेय स्रूयतामिति॥ २॥
    vargān ṣoḍaśa yānāha brahmā lokapitāmahaḥ |
    tānahaṁ sampravakṣyāmi maitreya srūyatāmiti || 2||
    Maharṣi Parāśara teaches:
    Maitreya do listen to my benevolent monologue of [the knowledge of] sixteen divisional charts (varga) which has travelled from the creator (Brahmā) who is the grand-sire of the seven worlds.
    Commentary
    vargā – divisions, divisional charts; ṣoḍaśa – sixteen; yānā – journey, travelled; brahmā – creator; loka – seven regions of light, sapta-loka; pitāmaha – grandfather, grand-sire, figurative for Jupiter;
  • Śloka 3-4: 16 Varga - Śloka 3-4
    क्षेत्रं होरा च द्रेष्काणस्तुर्यांशः सप्तमांशकः।
    नवांशो दशमांशश्च सूर्याम्शः षोडशांशकः॥ ३॥
    kṣetraṁ horā ca dreṣkāṇasturyāṁśaḥ saptamāṁśakaḥ |
    navāṁśo daśamāṁśaśca sūryāmśaḥ ṣoḍaśāṁśakaḥ || 3||
    विंशांशो वेदवाह्वंशो भांशस्त्रिंशांशकस्ततः।
    खवेदांशोऽक्षवेदांशः षष्ठ्यंशश्च ततः परम्॥ ४॥
    viṁśāṁśo vedavāhvaṁśo bhāṁśastriṁśāṁśakastataḥ |
    khavedāṁśo'kṣavedāṁśaḥ ṣaṣṭhyaṁśaśca tataḥ param || 4||
    Translation: The most prominent and important [sixteen divisions] are kṣetra, horā, dreṣkāṇa, turyāṁśa, saptamāṁśa, navāṁśa, daśamāṁśa, sūryāmśa, ṣoḍaśāṁśa, viṁśāṁśa, vedavāhvaṁśa, bhāṁśa, triṁśāṁśa, khavedāṁśa, akṣavedāṁśa and ṣaṣṭhyaṁśa.




    Parāśara
    Other names
    Div
    Bh
    Re
    Area of Influence


    kṣetra
    rāśi
    1
    1
    D1
    Body, Everything


    horā
    horā
    2
    2
    D2
    Wealth, Food


    dreṣkāṇa
    drekkāṇa
    3
    3
    D3
    Siblings


    turyāṁśa
    caturthāṁśa
    4
  • Divisions of a Sign - Division refers to an orderly division of the 30 degrees of a sign into parts called Āṁśa. The charts constructed on the basis of the ownership of these divisions1 are called Divisional Charts or simply D-Charts. The sign is divided into ‘N’ number of parts where ‘N’ refers to the Varga number. Each part is called an Āṁśa and maps into a specific sign of the D-N Chart.
MENTORS
Sat Siri is a fulltime practitioner of Vedic Astrology and an honors graduate of Harvard University ...Read
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+1 505-753-6521
Visti Visti Larsen began studying Western Astrology in his spare time during his secondary education, a journey he began upon hearing the mention of the word ‘Ascendant’. ...Read
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DK# (+45) 3693 4989
Course Director
Pt.Sanjay Rath belongs to a traditional family of astrologers from Bira Balabhadrapur Sasan village of Puri, Orissa, which trace their lineage back to Shri Achyuta Das (Sri Achyutananda).
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