The most primary and obvious division is based on the two fold division of the day into two halves – the day and night. In the sky, the Sun dominates the day and the Moon dominates the night. These luminaries are, therefore referred to as the Lords of the day and night respectively. Yet when we compare the waking hours of man, the tendency is to stay awake for most of the daytime while man is awake for only the initial part of the night. Comparatively, the Sun is a greater lord than the Moon and because of this, the Sun is also regarded as the lord of the fill 24 hour day.
There are various types of horā charts and the manner in which they are drawn i.e. the principle used indicates the application of the horā chart. We have the most basic Parāśara Horā (D2 Chart) and in addition, we also have Gola Horā (D2-G) and the Kasinath Horā (D2-K).
There are umpteen horā charts out there and each one of them has some use. Do not use a chart unless you fully understand the principle in which it is drawn. It is these underlying principles that inform about its use and application. Starting with the etymology, we have a few lessons on Horā. Of particular importance is the Parāśara Horā (D2 Chart) which shows the light in the planets and which can indicate the extent of the light of life in the being. The periods of such planets which are without much light are definitely a souce of suffering and sorrow, and even death.
- Horā Meaning - Meaning of Horā
There can be various meanings of the word horā and it is preposterous to conclude that this word was borrowed from the Greeks as we find this mentioned in the Vedic literature, which predates any other civilization in the world. Parāśara the author of the monumental classic ‘Bṛhat Parāśara Horā Śāstra’ (BPHS) is a Maharishi (seer) of the Rig Veda having contributed the nine chapters in the first mandala (R.V. I – 65 to 73). Thus, it is obvious that the word ‘Horā’ dates back to the Vedic period.
- Parāśara Horā: Half Sign - Half Sign
Parāśara Śloka 5 ½
सूर्येन्द्वोर्विषमे राशौ समे तद्विपरीतकम्॥ ५॥
sūryendvorviṣame rāśau same tadviparītakam
The Sun and Moon, in that order, [enliven] the odd signs whereas for even signs the order is reversed [to Moon and Sun]
Parāśara speaks of the half division of the rāśi of 15° each. As such the first principle of differentiation of the rāśi is made as odd and even. The odd numbered signs counted from Aries are named “odd signs” and even numbered signs are “even signs”.
- Rājayoga from Horā - [caption id="" align="alignright" width="175"] Indian Maharaja[/caption]
Rule 06: Kalyāṇavermā (Sārāvalī) teaches that rājayoga are initiated by the Sun and sustained by the Moon. By implication it means that planets well placed in the Sun horā initiate the rājayoga while those in the Moon horā sustain the rājayoga.
However this is not accepted traditionally and is inaccurate translation of the śloka of Kalyāṇavermā. Rājayoga will be initiated by “Savitur” i.e. Lagna and in the Parāśara horā chakra, these will be planets placed in the same horā as the lagna.
- Half Zodiac - Parāśara ṣoḍaśavargādhyāyaḥ śloka 6½
राशेरर्द्धं भवेद्धोरा ताश्चतुर्विंशतिः स्मृता।
मेषादि तासां होराणां परिवृत्तिद्वयं भवेत्॥ ६॥
rāśerarddhaṁ bhaveddhorā tāścaturviṁśatiḥ smṛtā |
meṣādi tāsāṁ horāṇāṁ parivṛttidvayaṁ bhavet || 6||
Translation: Half the rāśi (sign, 30°) is horā (15°), of which there are 24 (twenty four) in the zodiac. The horā are reckoned from meṣa (Aries) in the two-fold (dvayaṁ) parivṛtti method.
Since there are two horā of 15° in each sign, it is easy to know that there are 24 horā (12×2) in 12 signs.
- Kalyāṇavermā - Kalyāṇavermā Sārāvalī | Ch.49
Kalyāṇavermā enumerates the effects and nature of the twenty-four horā for the twelve signs when it is occupied by the Lagna. However, we have found that the results need to be carefully blended taking into account the horā occupied by the lagna and lagneśa.
The chapter is named “Horā Guṇa Kathana Adhyāya” explicitly mentioning the focus being “Horā Guṇa”.
- Parivṛtti Horā - Horā I Parivṛtti Horā (Vāyu)
This is the simplest of the regular horā charts and is based on direct count from Aries for the 24 horā travelling through the zodiac twice. This is a regular division focusing on the second house and the results pertain to “timing health and family affairs” which are some of the important matters ruled by the second house.
- Mihira Horā - Call it Mihira Horā or Mṛtyu Horā, it’s D2M that deals with the māraka power of the 2nd house
Horā IA: Mihira Horā
Varāhamihira defines the horā in the first chapter of his classic Bṛhat Jātaka
के चित् तु होरां प्रथमां भपस्य वाञ्छन्ति लाभाधिपतेर्द्वितीयाम्।
ke cit tu horāṁ prathamāṁ bhapasya vāñchanti lābhādhipaterdvitīyām.
- Somanāth Horā - Horā II Somanāth Horā
Previously we have noticed one major shortfall in the Parivṛtti Horā where the method of mapping did not account for the Sun and Moon ownership of the horā. This is one fundamental requirement of Parāśara and to that extent the Parivṛtti Horā cannot take into account the emotional content and such personal matters related to the second house like health and life.
- Horā III: Ayana - The Maharṣi observed two solstices’ where the length of the day (i.e. daylight duration) was the longest and shortest respectively called the summer and winter solstice. The Summer solstice is the longest day and marked the end of the hot summer season and beginning of the rainy season. So also the winter solstice marked the end of the long nights.
- Samasaptaka Horā - For using the Āyana-Horā, we have a special horā chart called समसप्तक samasaptaka literally meaning neutral-seventh where the 7th bhāva is a projection of the self (lagna). We have seen earlier that the Āyana horā has to do with the latitudinal movement of the Sun which divides the bha-chakra into two halves alone Cancer-Capricorn axis. The lower half from Cancer to Sagittarius is the realm of the Sun (horā) called dakṣiṇa āyana and the upper half from Capricorn to Gemini is the realm of the Moon (horā) called uttara āyana.
- Horā IV Gola - Gola: गोल (gola) refers to sphere or globe as the celestial globe or as the globe of the sun or of the earth in Sūrya siddhānta. That text also uses the term for a hemisphere (of the earth) when reckoned along the equator. The equator in the bha-chakra is along the East-West axis and passes through the beginning of Aries and Libra.
This is called Chitrā-pakṣa and defines the start of the zodiac at Aries being 180° from the central point of Chitrā nakṣatra.
- Horā V Guṇa - Guṇa: refers to the nature of signs and planets as of one of the three types - sattva, rajas or tamas.
An imaginary line divides the zodiac into two halves as it passes through the 0° Leo and Aquarius Half or Horā is derived from the word Aho-Rātra (Aho means day and Rātra means night) indicating the two-fold divisions of the day into equal halves of light and darkness.
- Sammukha Horā - Sammukha Rāśi are based on the South Indian Chart where a line passing through Cn-Le junction and Cp-Aq junction divides the zodiac into two parts.
- Kashinath Hora -
Points listed by my student Sanjay Prabhakaran. These are just some starting points. Details of the D2-K Hora was taught in the Himalaya Class of the course. Please listen and make notes.
The real hora chart variation that shows wealth, as taught in the tradition of Sri Achyuta Dasa, is known as "Kashinatha Hora" chart, named after Pt. Kashinath Rath.
This chart is based on the classification of signs into signs that are strong during the day and signs that are strong during the night.
Sun represents day-strong signs, i.e.